In almost all big cities in the country there is a mushrooming growth of slums where people are living in inhuman conditions. Write an article in about 100- 150 words about this problem suggesting steps to deal with it. You are Sagar/Seema.
Growth of Slums in Big Cities
A slum is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterised by substandard housing and squalor. Slums form and grow in different parts of the world for many different reasons. The population distribution is uneven with cities like Delhi and Mumbai being more densely populated than the rest of the cities or towns. Slums are usually characterised by urban decay, high rates of poverty, illiteracy and unemployment. They are commonly seen as ‘breeding ground’ for social problems such as crime, drug addiction, alcoholism etc. In many poor countries they exhibit high rates of disease due to unsanitary conditions, malnutrition and lack of basic healthcare. Providing education and creating employment in rural areas can help in the long run to get rid of slums in cities. The fruits of industrialisation and economic growth should reach the rural areas so that people do not migrate to the cities.