Essay on Bhagat Singh (500 Words)
Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September, 1909 at Lyallpur (now in Pakistan) of Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. He received his primary education at his village and later joined the National College, Lahore for further studies. While in college, he came into contact with revolutionary elements and joined the revolutionary movement in 1924.
Young blood flew in his veins. You might know that child marriages were in vogue those days, but Bhagat Singh knew his own destiny, so he declined to marry so that he could wholeheartedly dedicate his life for the cause of the nation.
Bhagat Singh was one of those rare courageous people who sacrificed everything they had for the sake of Motherland with broad smile on the lips and great spirits in the mind. His life was full of action. He founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army in association with other revolutionary leaders and led revolutionary activities in the vast stretches of the Punjab, Delhi and United Province (now Uttar Pradesh).
He also started the militant Navjawan Bharat Sabha in the Punjab. He planned and executed agitation against the Simon Commission. He attempted to free his revolutionary comrades, Jogesh Chatterji and S.N. Sanyal who were imprisoned in the Kanpur Jail in connection with the famous Kakori conspiracy case.
Bhagat Singh was angered at the death of Lala Lajpat Rai during an agitation against the British in November, 1928. He planned and executed the killing of J.P. Saunders, Assistant Superintendent of Police, on 17 December the same year. His revolutionary activities went on unabated and the police could never come near him. He haunted the British officers out of their sleep.
When he and his comrades planned to throw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi, he came forward. His comrades did not want him to do this job as he had an important role to play as the leader. But he stood his ground and said that the throwing of the bomb did not mean to harm anyone, rather it was meant to awaken the British government from its slumber.
On 08 April, 1929, Bhagat Singh and two of his comrades, Sukhdev and Rajguru entered the Assembly and threw the bomb in the well where it would not hurt anyone. They shouted slogans and threw leaflets to acquaint the leaders and bureaucrats about their feelings and demands, and thus doing, they gave themselves up.
Bhagat Singh and his comrades were arrested and ordered for transportation to life; however, a special tribunal enhanced the sentence to death by hanging in connection with another case. They utilised the opportunity of the trial to put forward their views. And when it came to march to the gallows, the three smilingly offered themselves on the altar of the Motherland singing patriotic songs.
It would be incorrect to term Bhagat Singh only a revolutionary. He was a well-read man. He had excellent views on socialism, social justice and secularism. He dreamed of a progressive and peaceful India. He had once said that the violence they were indulging in would have no place in independent India. We shall ever remain grateful to this son of the soil.
Essay on Bhagat Singh (700 Words)
One evening, a 3 years old boy was walking besides his father along the edge of a field. Looking and pointing at the vast field, he said, “Father, I shall grow guns all over the field.” This little boy was Bhagat Singh, whose heart was soaked in patriotism even at that tender age. He grew up to become one of the foremost heroes of the freedom struggle who laid down his life happily for the sake of his country.
Bhagat Singh was the third son of Sardar Kishan, who himself was a revolutionary and Vidyawati. He was a brilliant pupil, and cordial by nature. He used to say, “Everyone in the village is my friend.” He would ask his classmates what they wanted to become when they grew up. And he would state his wish as, “I will drive the British out of India.”
In the year 1919, when he was only 12 years old, he got deeply disturbed by the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy. He brought home a bottle of mud soaked in blood of the victims and worshipped it. He dropped out from school and took part in the Congress Movement. He actively supported the Swadeshi Movement. He would wear only Khadi and burn foreign clothes.
When Gandhiji withdrew the movement due to Chauri Chaura incident, his faith in non-violence weakened. He wondered where were the supporters of non-violence when a 19 years old revolutionary Kartar Singh was hanged by the British. He started believing that armed rebellion was the only way out. He studied the lives of revolutionaries of Ireland, Italy and Russia, and was convinced of his stand.
He joined National College which was patronised by great patriots like Lala Lajpat Rai. In the day time, he would attend classes and in the evening he would discuss about the revolution with his friends.
He established contacts with the leader of Bengal revolutionary party, Sachindranath Sanyal. The condition to join the party was that the member should be ready to leave home when called. He agreed and left home in the wake of his impending marriage. He reached Kanpur and sold newspapers for a living. A revolutionary Ganesh Vidyarthi got him a job at his periodical office.
He had to return home due to his grandmother’s illness. He supported Akali Dal’s meetings. He went to Lahore and became secretary of Naujawan Bharat Sabha. He was arrested as police suspected his hand in the Dussehra bombing case. Two wealthy men bailed him out. After running his father’s dairy for a while, he left for Delhi. Here, he met Chandrashekhar Azad. He shaved his beard and kept short cropped hair. Thereafter, he learnt bomb making from Jatin Das at Kolkata. At Agra, they set-up a bomb factory. They themselves starved, but continued with their activities.
In 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai died in a Lathi charge. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru shot Sanders to avenge his death. In 1929, he and Dutt threw a bomb at the Legislative Assembly Hall in Delhi, but they did not intend to kill anyone. Chanting “Inquilab Zindabad”, they surrendered. In Mianwali jail, he witnessed discrimination between European and Indian prisoners and led other prisoners in a hunger strike to protest against this. They demanded equality in food standard, clothing etc.. Finally, he, Sukhdev and Rajguru were ordered to be hanged on 24th March, 1931, but the schedule was preponed and they were hanged on 23rd March 1931at 7:30 p.m in Lahore jail.
Even on that day, they were fearless and competed with each other to be hanged first. Kissing the rope, they died with the chant of ‘Bharat Mata Ki Jai’ on their lips. So in this way the three champions of the freedom struggle sacrificed their lives. That day, no one in jail touched food. Everyone cried. Their bodies had been secretly burnt on the banks of Sutlej. Even today, the undying spirit of Bhagat Singh is a source of inspiration for the youth of the nation. His unflinching dedication to free his nation, would be embossed in golden ink in the history of freedom struggle.