The term Environment is derived from French word ‘Environ’ which literally means ‘surrounding’. Anything and everything which surrounds us i.e. all living beings or biotic components (microbes, plants and animals) and non-living or abiotic components (air, water, sunlight etc.) present in the nature, form the environment.
The Environmental Protection Act, 1986 defines Environment as “environment includes water, air and land and the inter- relationship which exists among and between water, air and land, and human beings, other living creatures, plants, micro-organism and property”.
Interactions between the biotic and abiotic components lead to a functional ecosystem and sustainable life on the planet earth. We get all the basic goods and services (clean air and water, food, fodder, medicines, raw materials for the industries, tourism etc.) from the environment.
It is a well-known fact that the anthropogenic activities and unsustainable consumption of natural resources by the human race have significantly damaged the environment and mother earth and the degradation is still going on at a fast pace.
Therefore, it is our responsibility to protect the environment from getting degraded and polluted. Environmental education is indispensable to create environmental awareness which ultimately will lead to environmental conservation.