Essay on Tribal Festivals of India

Tribal festivals are organised in the regions inhabited by different tribes. These reflects the tribal culture and help to revive and preserve the traditional art forms. These have potential of attracting large number of tourists and enable them to watch and learn the tribal culture. Off late, the Tourism Development Corporations of various states also have started organising these festivals on wider scale.

In Maharashtra, a tribal festival in Gavilgarh fort of Vidarbha at Chikhaldara is organised every year. This area in Maharastra is popular for its wildlife. A tribal museum and a botanical garden have been set-up at this place. The tribes of this region include Korku, Gavalis, Basodes, Gonds, Madias, etc. Various tribal dances such as the Bihawoo and Pola by Korkus, Ghorpad by Gonds, etc. on the tunes of the musical instruments prepared by these tribes are performed in this festival.

Similarly, the Banjara dance of the nomads is performed using bright costumes ornaments, scarves and vocal music.

In Chootanagpur area, especially Ranchi in Jharkhand a tribal festival popularly known as the Adivasi Mela is held every year. The Santhals of this region celebrate their festival Sarhul adhering to their traditional practices.

In Gujarat, the tribal dances, drama and music are organised at Saputara. Gujarat Tourism highlights the rich tribal culture of the Dangi adivasis (tribals).

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