Note Making: Mynah

The mynah perhaps needs to make some apology for his yellow stockings, since such mustard-coloured understandings are not usual among small birds, pertaining rather to the rapacious tribe, and being thus a badge of anything but respectability. But the mynah atones for his yellow legs, feet, and face, by the exceedingly decorous plumage which covers the rest of him; no objection can be to his black hood, or the sober chocolate of his body colour, or to the plain black, diversified with white, of his quills and tail.

Nevertheless as a starling our present subject is a rather big and showy bird, being certainly equal in looks to any of his relatives in Calcutta, none of which bear the shot silk sheen of green and purple which adorns the home starling, also a visitor to India, for this starling or Mynahs are in great force in the East, which is their true home, and the common Mynah is a good type of the clan.

Bold, vigorous and pushing, he secures to himself a large share of all the good things in the way of insects and fruit that may be going, and is a bird ofremarkably allround abilities, though not particularly graceful in his movements. On the ground he runs and walks well, hopping when he wants to put an extra spurt, albeit there is a swing in his gait which is not particularly elegant. No doubt, however, he is proud of this, as it is a family character; geese, which do not not suffer from excessive modesty, have a similar style of going, are known to bare doubtable pedestrians in their quiet way.

Mynah, unlike other ground birds, is nimble and active in a tree as well; and his flight, though not remarkably fast, is tolerant enough for ease, and he feels sufficient confidence in it to occasionally attempt a little insect-catching on the wing, when his quarry has got away from him on foot. When he flies, he tucks up his long yellow shanks to his breast, showing conclusively that birds which stow their legs this way when on the wing do so by custom, not for convenience, for from their size one would think that he would do better to stow them astern like the paddy bird and other waders.

Q. On the basis of your reading of the above passage, make note on it using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary-minimum 4) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it.


  1. Description of mynah:
    1. sober choc. body colour
    2. yellow legs, feet & face
    3. black hood
    4. black & white quills & tail
    5. bold and vigrus.
  2. Feeds on:
    1. insects
    2. fruit
  3. Movements:
    1. not graceful
    2. runs & walks well on ground.
    3. hops to put extra spurt
    4. swing in gait
  4. Flight of mynah:
    1. remrkbly fast
    2. confident
    3. tucks yellow shanks to breast
      1. a custom
      2. not for convenience
Key to Abbreviations
1. choc chocolate
2. vigrus vigorous
3. & and
4. remrkbly remarkably

Q. Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.


The mynah is a bold and vigorous bird. The body colour of quills mynah is sober chocolate with yellow legs, feet and face. He has a black hood and black, diversified with white, quails and tails. A mynah feeds on insects and fruits. His movements are not graceful. He can run and walk well on ground. He has a swing in his gait and sometimes hops to put an extra spurt. The flight of a mynah is not remarkably faster though he seems full of confidence. He tucks his yellow shanks to breast when flying. It is done by custom and not for convenience.

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