Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) belonged to the rich and noble family of the Tagores in Bengal. His grandfather, Dwarkanath Tagore, had been a co-worker of Raj Rammohan Roy; his father Devendranath Tagore, had been a pillar of the Brahmo Samaj Movement. Rabindranath Tagore’s mother expired when he wa syoung boy. More than being taught by school and teachers, he was taught by nature and circumstances.
His vision unfolds itself in Gitanjali, the work which won the Nobel Prize for literature for him in 1913. His multi-pronged genius produced lyrics, poetic plays, plays of ideas, social plays, novels, short stories, essays in criticism, philosophical essays, autobiographical fragments, letters, addresses and education dissertations. He was an actor, a producer, a musician, a painter, and an orator of extraordinary power. His contribution to Bengali literature is greater than that to English literature, but still he holds a significant place in Indo-Anglian poetry.
Some of his important works are: The Gardener (1913), The Crescent Moon (1913), Fruit Gathering (1916), Stray Birds (1917), Lover’s Gift and Crossing (1918), Fireflies (1928), and The Child (1931).