Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born in 1891 in a poor Mahar family in Baroda. Mahar, a Dalit caste was considered an untouchable caste and Ambedkar had to suffer inhuman treatment right from his childhood days. The bitter experience that he had to undergo prompted him to rise in revolt against untouchability.
Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party in 1936 and was elected to Bombay legislative assembly in 1937. Ambedkar was the only Indian who attended all the three Round Table Conferences in London. He was the first law minister of independent India but he resigned as law minister in 1952. He realized that the fight against untouchability would not succeed so long as he remained as a Hindu. So he gave up Hinduism and embraced Buddhism. He passed away in December 1956.
Ambedkar is chiefly remembered as the architect of the Indian Constitution. He is viewed as the Messiah of the Dailts.