Unseen Passage: Newspaper

The newspaper is one of the significant signs of modern civilization. It is the most popular form of reading in the present times because it interests all sorts of people. It is full of political, news, sports and commercial news, as well as articles by well-known writers. A newspaper keeps us both entertained and informed.

In these days of democracy, public opinion rules everywhere. No government can long withstand the pressure of a strong public opinion. It is, therefore, quite clear that the press controls public opinion, and public opinion in turn controls the government, ultimately the press controls the government. It acts as an interpreter between the government and the people and brings the rulers and the ruled together.

The press also acts as a public court. All evils, corruptions, vices, scandals, etc. are given publicity and brought forth to the public through the medium of newspapers. The pressure of public opinion can be brought to bear upon the doers of evil and injustice. The oppressed and the downtrodden may easily demand justice at the bar of public opinion.

Again, to build a nation, it becomes necessary to spread ideas of liberty and independence among the masses. The real freedom of a country is never possible without the upliftment of the people. Politicians as well as economists, can circulate their ideas through newspapers, as they reach the most distant corners in the shortest possible time. Newspapers also tell people what their rights are and teach them how they can protect and exercise their rights. By placing before the readers new view-points every day, they stimulate thought and increase the power of independent thinking. Thus, newspapers contribute to the development of knowledge and their educative influence is indeed immense.

The advantages of having a strong, independent and honest press far outweighs the evils practised by a few cheap, irresponsible newspapers. The newspaper is one of the greatest blessings of civilization and journalism and therefore, it should be allowed to have the maximum amount of freedom possible.

Restrictions on newspaper should be as few as possible in order to ensure the healthy growth of a nation. In the present stage of developing civilization, newspapers are an absolute necessity and given freedom of expression, they are capable of doing immense good to society, the country and the world. Thus, the freedom of Press, is the requisite for freedom of the people.

Answer the following questions in about 30-40 words:

  1. Give three reasons to show the importance of the newspaper.
  2. How does public opinion rule everywhere in case of democracy?
  3. Why is the freedom of the press essential?
  4. When can real freedom come to existence?
  5. List some of the essential things necessary to build a strong nation?
  6. Which word in the passage means ‘crushed’?
    1. spoiled
    2. trodden
    3. rotten
    4. untidy
  7. Find out the antonym of ‘discourage’ from the passage:
    1. encourage
    2. secure
    3. stimulate
    4. inspire
  8. Find the synonym of ‘colossal’ from the passage:
    1. immense
    2. small
    3. beautiful
    4. big
  9. Find out the antonym of ‘restriction’ from the passage:
    1. slavery
    2. courage
    3. influence
    4. freedom
  10. Which word in the passage means ‘spectrum’?
  11. line
  12. sequence
  13. block
  14. range

Answer

  1. Three reasons are:
    1. In the present time, newspaper interests all sorts of people as it contains political news, sports news, commercial news as well as articles of well-known writers.
    2. Newspaper keeps us both entertained and informed.
    3. Through the medium of newspaper, all evils, corruptions, vices, scandals etc. are given publicity and brought forth to the public.
  2. In a democracy, public opinion is controlled by press, which in turn controls the government.
  3. The freedom of the press is essential because it is a must for the freedom of people.
  4. For real freedom, press, especially the newspaper which is one of the greatest blessings of civilization and journalism, should be allowed to have the maximum amount of freedom.
  5. Some essential things are:
    1. Spreading the ideas of liberty and independence among the masses.
    2. Uplifting the common people.
  6. trodden
  7. encourage
  8. immense
  9. freedom
  10. range

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