For millions of people in India, river Ganga is the most sacred river. It is considered as mother and goddess. It is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live on the banks of its course and depend on it for their daily needs. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. It is the longest river in India. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. The Gangetic plain formed by river Ganga is one of the most fertile lands on earth. This is why almost 10% of the world population lives here and earns its livelihood. The Ganga, in India is the most worshipped body of water. The irony here is that in spite of being the most worshipped river, it is also the dirtiest one. It carries metals thrown out by tanneries, waste produced by industries and urban waste from different cities. All this has made river Ganga the fifth most polluted river in the world. Another major reason that adds to the Ganga river pollution is the coal based power plants on its banks which burn tons of coal every year and produce a lot of fly ash. This ash mixed with domestic waste water is released in the river. This bad situation calls for an urgent need to make efforts to reduce pollution and revive river Ganga. To achieve these objectives, the Government of India has started a programme named “Namami Gange Programme”. The main pillars of this programme are sewage treatment, river surface cleaning, afforestation, river front development and public awareness. The importance of the success of “Namami Gange Programme” can be seen through the following lines: Ganga dies, India dies. If Ganga thrives, India thrives. No Ganga, No India.
Q. On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer the questions that follow :
- For what purposes is the Ganga water used?
- Name two pollutants that make river Ganga very dirty.
- Which two purposes will be served by the programme named “Namami Gange”?
- Most people in India consider the Ganga as __________.
- River _________ is a lifeline for millions of Indians.
- ___________ of world population lives near river Ganga.
- Ganga is the ___________ most polluted river in the world.
- Ganga is the ___________ largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it.
- The Ganga water is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing.
- Effluents from industries, urban waste from cities and metals discharged from tanneries are the major pollutants that make the river Ganga very dirty.
- Reduction of pollution and revival of the river Ganga are the two purposes that will be served by the programme named “Namami Gange”.
- Mother and Goddess.