Category: Essays

  • Why I Write by George Orwell

    George Orwell / Essays Download PDFDownload ePubDownload mobi From a very early age, perhaps the age of five or six, I knew that when I grew up I should be a writer. Between the ages of about seventeen and twenty-four I tried to abandon this idea, but I did so with the consciousness that I…

  • What is Fascism? by George Orwell

    George Orwell / Essays Download PDFDownload ePubDownload mobi Of all the unanswered questions of our time, perhaps the most important is: ‘What is Fascism?’ One of the social survey organizations in America recently asked this question of a hundred different people, and got answers ranging from ‘pure democracy’ to ‘pure diabolism’. In this country if…

  • Literature and Totalitarianism by George Orwell

    George Orwell / Essays Download PDFDownload ePubDownload mobi I said at the beginning of my first talk that this is not a critical age. It is an age of partisanship and not of detachment, an age in which it is especially difficult to see literary merit in a book with whose conclusions you disagree. Politics…

  • George Orwell on Nationalism

    George Orwell / Essays Download PDFDownload ePubDownload mobi Somewhere or other Byron makes use of the French word longeur, and remarks in passing that though in England we happen not to have the word, we have the thing in considerable profusion. In the same way, there is a habit of mind which is now so…

  • Books vs Cigarettes by George Orwell

    George Orwell / Essays Download PDFDownload ePubDownload mobi A couple of years ago a friend of mine, a newspaper editor, was firewatching with some factory workers. They fell to talking about his newspaper, which most of them read and approved of, but when he asked them what they thought of the literary section, the answer…

  • A Nice Cup of Tea by George Orwell

    George Orwell / Essays Download PDFDownload ePubDownload mobi If you look up ‘tea’ in the first cookery book that comes to hand you will probably find that it is unmentioned; or at most you will find a few lines of sketchy instructions which give no ruling on several of the most important points. This is…

  • A Hanging by George Orwell

    George Orwell / Essays Download PDFDownload ePubDownload mobi It was in Burma, a sodden morning of the rains. A sickly light, like yellow tinfoil, was slanting over the high walls into the jail yard. We were waiting outside the condemned cells, a row of sheds fronted with double bars, like small animal cages. Each cell…

  • Essay on the Literature, the Arts, and the Manners of the Athenians

    A Fragment The period which intervened between the birth of Pericles and the death of Aristotle, is undoubtedly, whether considered in itself, or with reference to the effects which it has produced upon the subsequent destinies of civilized man, the most memorable in the history of the world. What was the combination of moral and…

  • A Vindication of Natural Diet by Percy Bysshe Shelley

    I hold that the depravity of the physical and moral nature of man originated in his unnatural habits of life. The origin of man, like that of the universe of which he is a part, is enveloped in impenetrable mystery. His generations either had a beginning, or they had not. The weight of evidence in…

  • On the Punishment of Death by Percy Bysshe Shelley

    A Fragment The first law which it becomes a Reformer to propose and support, at the approach of a period of great political change, is the abolition of the punishment of death. It is sufficiently clear that revenge, retaliation, atonement, expiation, are rules and motives, so far from deserving a place in any enlightened system…

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