Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American novelist, short story writer and journalist. He was born on 21st July, 1899 in Oak-Park, US. After high school, he spent few months in Kansas City as a reporter. He published his debut novel, The Sun also Rises in 1926.
His economical style had a strong influence on twentieth century fiction while his adventurous life and public image influenced later generations. He published seven novels, six short story collections and two non-fiction works.
In 1918, he was seriously wounded and returned home. His novel A Farewell to Arms was the result of his war time experiences. Most of his works are known to be the classic of American Literature. He wrote For Whom the Bell Tolls in 1940 when he returned from Spanish civil war where he had been a journalist.
Shortly after the publication of The Old Man and the Sea in 1952, Hemingway went on safari to Africa where he was almost killed in two successive plane crashes and for his remaining life he was left in pain. He killed himself in 1961. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.