What is a Sentence? Types of Sentences with Examples

A Sentence is a linguistic unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked, and expresses a complete thought. It can include words grouped, meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request, and command or suggest.

A sentence always begin with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.) or a mark of interrogation (?). It contains a noun or a pronoun and a verb.

Examples:

  • Mary has a little lamb.
  • We go to the park everyday
  • The cat chased the rat.
  • The mother was carrying the baby.

Types of Sentences

Sentence can be written in different ways to convey different meanings. On the basis of the way a sentence is written, there are four different kinds of sentences.

Declarative Sentence

An declarative sentence states a fact or give us a information. They end up with full stop.

Example:

  • My father works in Mumbai.
  • Kavita switched on the television.
  • She did not do well in the test.
  • Grey clouds cover the sky.

Imperative Sentence

An imperative sentence is one that expresses a command, a request, advice or a suggestion.

Example:

  • Do not tell a lie.
  • Don’t talk so loudly.
  • Let us go for a walk.
  • Keep silent in the library.

Interrogative Sentence

An interrogative sentence is one that asks a question. It ends only with the question mark (?)

Example:

  • Why are you so late?
  • Did you clean up the cupboard?
  • Which is your house?
  • Where is your school?

Exclamatory Sentence

An exclamatory sentence is one that shows surprise, joy, sorrow or happiness. These sentences end with an exclamation mark (!).

Example:

  • What a lovely flower it is!
  • Hurrah! We have won the match.
  • What a beautiful day it is!
  • What a marvelous sight!

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