Important Question and Answers
Q. What helped the East India Company to subdue the Indian Princess one by one?
Ans. The rivalries among the Indian princes helped the East India Company to subdue them one by one.
Q. Give one method as how did the British make more profits in business in India?
Ans. British charged heavy taxes and made more profits in business in India.
Q. What was Regulation III? When was it passed?
Ans. Regulation III meant that an Indian could be jailed without trial in a court. It was passed in 1818.
Q. How did the English education help the English?
Ans. The English education produced clerks who worked under the British.
Q. What did the Santhals do in 1855?
Ans. The Santhals rose in rebellion and massacred Europeans and their supporters.
Q. Give one reason for the uprising of the revolt of 1857.
Ans. The news that the bullet which soldiers had to bite was made of cow’s and pig’s fat led to the uprising of the revolt of 1857.
Q. Mention two examples of evil social practices prevailing during British rule.
Ans. Two examples of evil social practices prevailing in India were the belief that who-so-ever crosses the seas loses his religion and all the misery in the world is due to women.
Q. Mention Two oppressive policies of the British.
Ans. Any Indian could be sent to jail without trial and exporting British Goods to India was spoiling the business of India.
Q. Mention the person who tried to reform the society.
Ans. The person who tried to reform the society was Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
Q. Give three reasons that helped the British to subdue Indian princes.
Ans. Three reasons that helped the British to subdue Indian princes were the short-sightedness of Indian Princes, taking help of British rulers to help them against their rivalries and the superstitious beliefs of the Indians.
Q. Who is an artisan? Why do you think the artisans suffered?
Ans. An Artisan is a craftsperson. The thumbs of expert artisans were cut to prevent them from making replicas of items made by them.